Sforza Family History, A famous family of Cotignola (Romagna) descent.
The dynasty of Milan ducats emerged from this family.
His original name was attendobo, then MUZIO (or GiACOMO) ATTENDOLO (Cotignola 1369-near Pescara 1424)
it took the nickname «Sforza».
Muzio entered the military profession at the age of thirteen; He became the conductor at the service of Perugia, Giovanni Galeazzo Visconti in Milan, then Florence against Milan and Pisa, and finally in Ferrara, Nicolas III d’Este.
He helped Louis II d’Anjou in the seizure of the kingdom of Naples.
In this kingdom, Braccio fought endlessly against Montone’s army.
He was brought to the Commander-in-Chief.
During the reign of Queen Giovanna II, the treasury faced the rivalry of the treasurer Pandolfello Alopo (1414), and for a while the queen’s husband was angered by the prince Marche.
Then, at the provocation of the pope, he helped Louis III d’Anjou, who wanted to conquer Naples (1420), re-enters the service of the queen Giovanna, helping her get rid of the supporters of Alfonso V of Aragon.
Around this time he drowned in an accident.
Muzio was a good soldier, but not prone to political intrigue; He ensured the dominance of his family with happy marriages, and also ensured the condition of his son out of wedlock.
(San Miniato 1401-Milano 1466), out-of-wed son of the previous one.
He fought alongside his father, when he died, he besieged Naples on behalf of Giovanna II, continuing what his father started.
Then he entered the service of Filippo-Maria Visconti, the duke of Milan, against Venice and pope Eugenius IV.
He took Marche, went to the service of the Venetian duke, meanwhile he was not too harsh on the Milan duke, because he intended to marry his only daughter, Bianca Maria.
He achieved this goal in 1441 with the promise of becoming the heir to the Milan throne.
Despite this, the duka kept him away from state affairs, accusing him of not supporting his warrior ambitions against Venice.
Francesco approached Venice, saying that Summer would pass through the Marche, securing the support of Pope Nicolaus V.
Meanwhile the duke of Milan died; The republic of Ambrosio (1447) fell weak in a short time, and Francesco Sforza was welcomed as a savior in Milan and declared duka (1450).
Immediately afterwards, he made important alliances (Cosimo de’Medici, Charles VII and Louis XI, who gave him his rights over Genoa in 1464) and established a certain political balance in northern Italy (Lodi peace, 1454).
Francesco’s politics, like his military tactics, were flexible and prudent.
He strived for the development of Milan, decorated this city with various structures (Canala della Martesana, Ospedale Maggiore), gathered scholars, literati and especially Greeks (Konstantinos Laskaris) who fled Istanbul in his palace.